The Paleo Diet, which is short for the Paleolithic Diet, is based on eating more like our ancestors. It is said that we are better off with a diet to which we are genetically adapted. The Paleolithic diet became popular back in the 1970s by Walter L. Voegtlin. More recently, it became popular again with Loren Cordain, Ph.D.
The Paleo diet works by recommending food like those that everyone on the planet ate prior to the Agricultural Revolution.
The Paleo diet has plenty of scientific research to back up the claims on the official website. The diet is based closely on the hunter-gatherer diet from years ago. People from the Paleolithic times ate much more protein from meat and seafood and plenty of fresh vegetables and some fruits and nuts. Refined sugars, processed foods, caffeine, alcohol and even fruit juices are not a part of this diet.
Not to be used as a fad diet, the Paleo diet is meant to be a lifestyle change. Proponents of the diet claim that it can prevent diabetes, cardiovascular disease and some cancers and "diseases of affluence".
Is It Safe?
The Paleo diet can be safe, if you are vigilant about eating a balanced diet. As with any diet, it is best to check with a doctor before deciding on any new program.
What Can You Eat?
There are many foods you can eat on the Paleo diet. Some of the food types you can choose from include: fresh fruits and vegetables, lean meats and seafood. As for grains and dairy, it is suggested that you replace these foods with fresh foods and vegetables. Note that the consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables are unlimited.
Instead of a low-calorie, high carbohydrate diet, the Paleo diet is a high protein, high fruits and vegetable diet. The Paleo diet is somewhat high in fat, but the fat is high in omega-3 and monounsaturated fats, which is considered healthy fat. Carbohydrates should be consumed in low to moderate amounts.
Eating meats on the Paleo diet is as easy as picking an animal that was well-treated. Although there are saturated fats in meat, the fact that the animal was well-treated is more important in this diet.
According to the diet, whole grains are not as good a source of fiber as fruits and vegetables. The example is given that an average 1,000 calories serving of mixed vegetables contain 19 times more folate, 5 times more vitamin B6, six time more B2 and two times more B1 than a comparable serving of 8 mixed whole grains. This comes from the Paleo diet website.